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Preventive Measures

Kidney disease often has no symptoms, and it can go undetected until very advanced. But a simple urine test can tell you if you have kidney disease. Remember, it's important to get tested because early detection and treatment can slow or prevent the progression of kidney disease.


Know These Facts

6 Things Healthy Kidneys Do:

  • Regulate the body’s fluid levels

  • Filter wastes and toxins from the blood

  • Release a hormone that regulates blood pressure

  • Activate Vitamin D to maintain healthy bones

  • Release the hormone that directs production of red blood cells

  • Keep blood minerals in balance (sodium, phosphorus, potassium)


8 Problems CKD Can Cause

  • Cardiovascular disease

  • Heart attack, stroke and High blood pressure

  • Death

  • Weak bones and Nerve damage (neuropathy)

  • Kidney failure (end-stage renal disease, or ESRD)

  • Anemia or low red blood cell count

Assess Your Risk

  • Diabetes (self or family)

  • High blood pressure (self or family)

  • Cardiovascular disease (self or family)

  • Family history of kidney disease or diabetes or high blood pressure


Recognize Symptoms

Possible Trouble Signs: Most people with early CKD have no symptoms, which is why early testing is critical. By the time symptoms appear, CKD may be advanced, and symptoms can be misleading. Pay attention to these

  • Fatigue, weakness

  • Difficult, painful urination

  • Foamy urine

  • Pink, dark urine (blood in urine)

  • Increased need to urinate(especially at night)

  • Puffy eyes

  • Swollen face, hands, abdomen, ankles, feet

  • Increased thirst

Get Tested

Blood Pressure


High blood pressure can damage small blood vessels (glomeruli) in the kidneys. It is the second-leading cause of kidney failure after diabetes.

Protein in Urine



Traces of a type of protein, albumin in urine (albuminuria) is an early sign of CKD. Persistent amounts of albumin and other proteins in the urine (proteinuria) indicate kidney damage.

Creatinine in Blood 
(Serum Creatinine)


Healthy kidneys filter creatinine (a waste product from muscle activity) out of the blood. When kidney function is reduced, creatinine levels rise.

Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR)


This is the most sensitive and accurate gauge of kidney function. Doctors measure blood creatinine levels and perform a calculation based on age, race, and gender.


6 Things People with CKD Should Do

9 Things Everyone Should Do
  • Lower high blood pressure

  • Keep blood-sugar levels under control if diabetic

  • Reduce salt intake

  • Avoid NSAIDs, a type of painkillers

  • Moderate protein consumption

  • Get an annual flu shot

  • Exercise regularly & Control weight

  • Follow a balanced diet & Quit smoking

  • Drink only in moderation

  • Stay hydrated & Monitor cholesterol levels

  • Get an annual physical

  • Know your family medical history

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